For people that suffer
from poor mechanics of the foot it can be very uncomfortable
and painful. The human foot is made of 26 different bones
which are bound together by ligaments and muscles. Biomechanical
problems of the foot can cause misalignment which causes
stress on these bones and in turn can cause pain to other
joints such as the ankle, knee and back which will be feeling
pressure from uneven weight distribution. An orthotic is
a device that can improve and restore the natural function
of the foot; orthotics insoles are particularly beneficial
in doing this.
Orthotic insoles vs regular insoles
It is important not to get orthotic insoles mixed up with
regular insoles that can be purchased cheaply in supermarkets
and similar sports shop and stores. These regular insoles
are designed purely for comfort and/or shock absorption.
Although they can be very comfortable to wear and feel
like they are working to help, they will not get down to
or aid in solving the biomechanical cause of pain or ailment
that you may be feeling.
Orthotics insoles are specifically designed to alter and
optimize the function of your foot to enable even weight
distribution across all joints and ease any pain that are
being caused to the feet from disorders such as heel spurs,
bunions, corns or ankle pains.
Types of orthotic insoles
There are different types
of orthotics insoles for different problems. Once
problem that requires the
need for insoles, is over pronation or flat feet. This
is caused when the arch of a person`s foot has collapsed
under weight bearing and can lead to many other problems.
If you are suffering from flat feet, it may be wise to
see a podiatrist/orthotist for assessment, evaluation and
treatment of the problem through prescribe custom made
orthotics and insoles.
Custom made foot orthotics are insoles that are made to
suit the specific requirements needed to mend the biomechanical
problem. Once the problem has been assessed through a range
of joint motion tests and gait analysis, an impression
and cast will be made of your foot. This is then passed
on to an orthortist /podiatrist to fabricate a pair of
customized orthotics, with instructions from the orthortist/podiatrist,
which is catered specifically to your foot.
Heat moldable insoles are also available
which is a more cost friendly way of buying orthotics.
Custom made orthotics
can be expensive. Heat moldable insoles can be manipulated
through the use of applied heat to fine-tuned to your feet.
These can be more comfortable than custom made insoles
but may not provide as much support in the long term.
Insoles come under five different types, these are:
to control movement
athletes and physical activity, providing balance
pain relieve and ease pressure
insoles - to help flexibility, weight and activity levels
insoles - provide support by applying a tactile stimulation to the bottom of
foot. In theory, this tactile stimulation transmits a signal
to the cerebellum (the balance center of the brain). Acting
on this signal, the cerebellum initiates a postural correction
affecting the entire body. It neutralizes the body to a
more upright balanced gait posture; therefore allowing
the body to move in a more balanced posture.
Orthotic insoles can be purchased over
the counter as-well without prescription and can be easily
slotted into orthopedic
shoes that cater to the specific used of such devices.
However, commercial/normal shoes may not be able to cater
space for insoles except the foot.
We offer a range
of custom orthotic insoles for different problems and
foot orthoses for children
extremely thin and flexible Terraflex foot orthoses suitable
for use in normal shoes
vast range of different orthopaedic foot orthoses made from
plastic-leather, cork-leather and different soft-foam materials
enquiry, please contact our clinic:
Orthogait Scoliosis & Limbs
Centre (Novena Medical Centre)
It generally takes five working days for us to complete
a pair of custom orthotic insoles.
Children or teenagers wearing custom insoles to treat flat
foot problem are advised to made appointment with our consultant
for follow-up as their growth
may require frequent modification to the insoles for good fit. Depending on
situation, the interval between follow-ups can be between 3 and 6 months. Consultation